Jet declustering techniques have brought up the possibility to access the Lund plane of QCD emissions in jets. By scanning different areas of the Lund jet plane, sensitivity to different physics effects can be enhanced, including quark mass effects. In this talk I will discuss the techniques and the measurement by ALICE (Nature 605, 440-446 (2022)) of the first direct signature of the dead cone effect in QCD. I will also discuss the problematics of the Lund plane in heavy ion collisions and prospects.
Collective quantum effects should play a significant role in the formation of hadrons from a deconfined and chirally symmetric state of matter. Yet most of our models ignore these effects or treat them as corrections after the dynamic calculation (e.g. color reconnection effects in PYTHIA). I will try to show that there is a direct connection between the entanglement entropy in the initial state and the thermodynamic entropy in the final state at least for elementary collisions where not too many decoherence effects are expected.
We investigate the impact of soft gluon resummation on the azimuthal angle correlation between the total and relative momenta of two energetic final state particles (jets). We show that the initial and final state radiations induce sizable cos(ϕ) and cos(2ϕ) asymmetries in single jet and dijet events, respectively.
The Wright Lab community is invited to a weekly meeting on Mondays at 9:30 a.m to hear about and discuss what is going on at the lab.
Wright Lab will host 1-hour Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Shop Orientations. The EHS shop orientation is offered each semester and is required to be taken once by anyone who would like to gain access and make use of the research and teaching shops at Wright Lab.
For more information on the shop facilities at Wright Lab see: https://wlab.yale.edu/facilities
Register here: https://forms.gle/MzVDERoSrtmwp8579
Microspheres have been the first objects optically levitated by Arthur Ashkin in the 1970s. While the technology itself was successfully used to trap atoms to explore new physics, the actual utilization of microspheres and other macroscopic objects as a useful tool for physics has emerged in the recent years. The unique properties of those levitated objects allows to deploy them as sensors with unmatched properties and advantages.
Jets are collimated sprays of hadrons produced in high energy collider experiments, such as
Why is the universe dominated by matter, and not antimatter? Neutrinos, with their changing flavors and tiny masses, could provide an answer. If the neutrino is a Majorana particle, meaning that it is its own antiparticle, it would reveal the origin of the neutrino’s mass, demonstrate that lepton number is not a conserved symmetry of nature, and provide a path to leptogenesis in the early universe. To discover whether this is the case, we must search for neutrinoless double-beta decay, a theorized process that would occur in some nuclei.
Abstract: The possible existence of beyond Standard Model physics at the TeV scale or below has important implications for the thermal history of electroweak symmetry-breaking. A first order phase transition – not possible in the minimal Standard Model with a 125 GeV Higgs boson – would provide the preconditions for electroweak baryogenesis and the generation of primordial gravitational radiation. I discuss recent developments in assessing this possibility that rely on the combination of EFT methods and non-perturbative (lattice) computations.