Nuclei with equal number of baryons but varying proton number (isobars) have many commonalities, but differ in both electric charge and nuclear structure. Relativistic collisions of such isobars provide unique opportunities to study the variation of the magnetic field, provided the nuclear structure is well understood. In this Letter we simulate collisions using several state-of-the-art parametrizations of the Zr and Ru isobars and show that a comparison with the exciting STAR measurement arXiv:2109.00131 of ultrarelativistic collisions can uniquely identify the structure of both isobars.
Stress-induced voiding (SIV) is amongst the most commonly reported defects in metallic systems used as interconnects in electronic devices. Apart from the development of novel materials, these degradation effects are crucial for the understanding of the properties of nanocrystals. Hydrogen along with other impurities like O, S and C, play a crucial role in metal embrittlement and can be detrimental to the performance of these devices. In addition, the inclusion of metallic dopants is expected to inhibit the effects of non-metallic impurities.
Measurements of the substructure of high-momentum jets produced in proton-proton (pp) collisions give insight into fundamental aspects of QCD, from the production of highly virtual partons, to their subsequent radiation and hadronization. Additionally, once the evolution of jets in vacuum is calibrated, it is possible to study potential modification to jet substructure due to interaction with the cold nuclear medium present in proton-gold (pAu) collisions.
Abstract: Relativistic heavy-ion collisions are a unique tool that allow us to probe QCD and its fundamental interactions; of particular interest is the phase transition between a hadron gas and a quark-gluon plasma (QGP). Characterizing this phase transition and mapping out the QCD phase diagram have been some of the primary goals of relativistic heavy-ion collisions over the past two decades. This talk will cover the background of the QGP and discuss a selection of the important observations over the past 22 years of RHIC operations relating to the QCD phase diagram.
Neutrino experimentation is an important pathway to physics beyond the standard model, raising questions on how neutrinos obtain their vanishingly small but non-zero mass, what that mass is, and if they are their own antiparticle. Antineutrinos, as an abundant product of nuclear decay chains, are also important to advancing our understanding of nuclear physics and verifying nuclear databases.
In this workshop we will cover the equipment available at the Wright Lab Advanced Prototyping Center and how to get started designing parts. Basics of CNC laser and abrasive water jet cutting will be included, as well as an introduction to 3D printing. No prior experience is required, but having an idea for a project that you may want to get started on would be great. We will start off with a classroom presentation and then have a quick tour of the facilities.
More information to follow.
We will have coffee, tea, cookies and sweet treats outside WL-216.
Precision Timing information at the level of 10-30ps is a game changer for detectors at future collider experiments. For example, the ability to assign a timestamp with 30ps precision to particle tracks will mitigate the impact of pileup at the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). With a time spread of the beam spot of approximately 180ps, a track time resolution of 30ps allows for a factor of 6 reduction in pileup. HL-LHC will only be the first in HEP experiments to exploit the concept of 4D tracking using time as one of the parameters.
Please join us at 3 p.m. on Monday, May 16 in the Wright Lab Vault for a brief celebration with some birthday cake and a toast to mark the 5th anniversary of the official opening of Wright Lab. We look forward to seeing you there!