Alumni

WIDG Seminar: Zoltan Varga, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, "Investigating the role of the underlying event in the charm-baryon enhancement”

The factorization hypothesis states that the production cross-section of heavy-flavor hadrons can be calculated as the convolution of three independent terms: the parton distribution function of the colliding hadrons, the production cross sections of the heavy-quarks in the hard partonic process, and finally the fragmentation functions of the heavy-flavor quarks into the given heavy-flavor hadron species. The fragmentation function has been traditionally treated as universal, i.e. independent of the collision systems.

NPA Seminar: Maximiliano Silva-Feaver, University of California, San Diego and The Center for Computational Astrophysics at the Flatiron Institute, “Microwave SQUID Multiplexer Development for the Simons Observatory”

The Simons Observatory is a next generation cosmic microwave background (CMB) observatory sited at Cerro Toco in the Atacama Desert in Chile, scheduled to begin site commissioning in early 2023. It consists of three low angular resolution telescopes dedicated to measuring the degree scale B-mode signal generated from gravitational waves during inflation and one high angular resolution telescope focused on measuring secondary arcminute scale effects.

Dissertation Defense: Ako Jamil, Yale University, “Rare Event Searches in Liquid Xenon with EXO-200 and nEXO”

Noble liquid time projection chambers are ubiquitously used to search for rare events such
as neutrinoless double beta decay or dark matter interactions. A detailed understanding of
light and charge transport in liquid xenon is of the utmost importance when modeling the
performance of these experiments.
In this talk I will present the design and physics reach of the proposed nEXO experiment,

NPA Seminar, Simone Mazza, UCSC, "4D tracking technologies and R&D"

Precision Timing information at the level of 10-30ps is a game changer for detectors at future collider experiments. For example, the ability to assign a timestamp with 30ps precision to particle tracks will mitigate the impact of pileup at the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). With a time spread of the beam spot of approximately 180ps, a track time resolution of 30ps allows for a factor of 6 reduction in pileup. HL-LHC will only be the first in HEP experiments to exploit the concept of 4D tracking using time as one of the parameters.

NPA Seminar, Rene Bellwied, University of Houston, “From the Initial to the Final State - Quantum Entanglement in Relativistic Particle Collisions”

Collective quantum effects should play a significant role in the formation of hadrons from a deconfined and chirally symmetric state of matter. Yet most of our models ignore these effects or treat them as corrections after the dynamic calculation (e.g. color reconnection effects in PYTHIA). I will try to show that there is a direct connection between the entanglement entropy in the initial state and the thermodynamic entropy in the final state at least for elementary collisions where not too many decoherence effects are expected.

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